GRAND ISLAND, N.Y. (AP/WBEN) -- A 112-year-old self-taught musician, coal miner and gin rummy aficionado from western New York is the world's oldest man, according to Guinness World Records Ltd.
Salustiano Sanchez-Blazquez became the world's oldest man when Jiroemon Kimura died June 12 at age 116.
The world's oldest person is a woman, 115-year-old Misao Okawa of Japan.
Guinness World Records used census reports, immigration papers, marriage records and news reports to confirm the record.
Robert Young, senior gerontology consultant with Guinness World Records, said 90 percent of all supercentenarians are female and Salustiano is currently the only male born in 1901 with proof of birth.
"The United States has the world's largest centenarian population" Young said. "The 2010 census reported 53,364 persons (in the US) claimed to be 100 or older."
When asked if there are common traits shared by the people who have held the record of oldest living person, Young said that there are. "These people tend to be self-directed individuals, they tend to walk past 100. They stay active, and are mentally fit. They're self directed individuals, that means they are in charge of their own lives, they're in charge of their own health" said Young.
Young said that there may be a secret to living past 100. "It's not so much about eating right as it is quantity. We had a man who ate steak, but he only ate five ounces, we had a woman that smoked cigarettes, but she only smoked two or three. So it seems that moderation really is the key."
Born June 8, 1901, in village of El Tejado de Bejar, Spain, he was known for his talent on the dulzania, a double-reed wind instrument that he taught himself and played at weddings and village celebrations. At 17, he moved with his older brother Pedro and a group of friends to Cuba, where they worked in the cane fields.
In 1920, he came to the United States through Ellis Island and worked in the coal mines of Lynch, Ky. Ultimately, he moved to the Niagara Falls area of New York, where he still lives, working in construction and in the industrial furnaces. He married his wife, Pearl, in 1934.
In a statement provided by Guinness World Records, Salustiano - whose nickname is "Shorty" - said he was humbled by the attention, saying he didn't feel he accomplished anything special just because he has lived longer than most.
"He says, `I'm an old man and let's leave it at that,'" said his daughter, 69-year-old Irene Johnson. Salustiano lived with Johnson in Grand Island after his wife died in 1988; he moved to a nursing home in 2007.
"We did our best," Johnson said. "We weren't going to put him somewhere just because he was old."
Salustiano said his longevity can be attributed to eating one banana per day and his daily dose of six Anacin tablets. His daughter has another theory.
"I think it's just because he's an independent, stubborn man," she said.
Besides his daughter, he has a 76-year-old son, John, seven grandchildren, 15 great-grandchildren and five great-great-grandchildren.
The oldest authenticated person was Jeanne Louise Calment of France, who died at the age of 122 years and 164 days.